of its chemical composition saffron has unique qualities and
properties. It is a rich source of the B group of vitamins, especially
riboflavin. But more important perhaps are its properties of color,
aroma and taste. The coloring agent crocin is readily soluble in water
and it is this water solubility that makes it preferred to other
carotenoids as a colorant for food and medicine.
effective elements of saffron are Crocin, Saffronal and Picrocrocin.
Caspian Tradition Company has always tried to present a product with the
highest rate of effective elements in fiber and powder shapes, relying
on its expertise and special production facilities as the biggest and
best producer and exporter of saffron from origin.
has a variant chemical structure. It consists of carbohydrates,
minerals, vitamins, proteins and antioxidants. Saffron is a good source
of riboflavin. 140 mg of saffron is as effective as 40 mg of synthesized
power is mainly produced by crocin (chemical composition: C44 H64 O24),
which is one of the few naturally occurring carotenoids easily soluble
This water solubility is one of the reasons for its widely preferred application as a colorant in food and medicine.
Chemical Composition of Crocin:
addition to crocin saffron contains aglicon crocetin as a free agent
and small amounts of the pigment anthocyanin. There are also oil soluble
pigments including alpha carotene, beta carotene and zegxantin. One of
the most important parameters in evaluating the quality of saffron is
its coloring power, which is determined by measuring by
spectrophotometry the amount of coloring factors present at 443
The principal element giving saffron its special “bitter” flavor is the glycoside picrocrocin
(C16 H26 O7). This bitter tasting substance can be crystalized and produces glucose and the aldehyde safranal by hydrolysis.
has a strong aroma which is produced by certain special volatile oils
and essences. The main aroma factor in saffron is safranal, which
comprises about 60% of the volatile components of saffron. In fresh
saffron this substance exists as stable picrocrocin but as a result of
heat and the passage of time it decomposes releasing the volatile
Chemical composition of safranal:
is a volatile liquid oil which produces a light yellow spot in water
vapor and is readily soluble in ethanol, methanol and petroleum ether.
order to extract the ethereal oils of saffron it is dissolved in pure
water and distilled in a CO2 current. The distillate is separated with
ether, which is then removed by heat. The oil obtained is a yellow
liquid with a strong aroma of saffron. This substance is a terpen, which
is highly susceptible to oxidization and must be stored under special